As a fruit tree bears its own fruit so a real Christian life bears Christian fruit. You expect an apple tree to bear apples; an orange tree to bear oranges; a cherry tree to bear cherries. So should a Christian life bear Christian graces, or in this passage, the "Fruits of the Spirit." Long ago I connected John 16:14 with our Daily Verse. In John's passage, where it speaks of the Spirit, it goes on to say, "He shall glorify me." If the Spirit's work is to bring glory to Christ then the fruit of the Spirit is to produce in the believer the very character of Christ. All these graces mentioned in these two verses pretty much describe who Jesus is.
This work of the Spirit begins as soon as a person becomes a believer in Christ. As this new believer begins to pray and read and study God's Word, the indwelling Holy Spirit will lead that believer to grow in the Lord. The believer will not need a list of "do's" and "don'ts" to figure out what they should or should not do with their life. They can trust the Holy Spirit to bring about changes in their lives that will help them be conformed to Jesus. This is the work I look for in someone who is a new believer. I have witnessed this hundreds of times over the years.
When a person turns to the Lord they often show an immediate delight in the things of God. And as they read and learn from God's Word, they begin to see what else should naturally happen now that they are a Christian. They will want to stop lying, cheating, stealing, swearing, etc., and they will want to begin being honest, hard-working, always speaking words to uplift, not tear down. They can't help but see the affects of the Spirit of God on their lives. That is why I don't busy myself with new believers by giving them lists of things to avoid or practice. I teach them what the Bible says and let the Spirit of God take over! He does a marvelous work!
Encourage new believers to spend time with God in prayer and the Word and show them the value of listening to good preachers and teachers as they show them what the Bible says. All of this will be used of the Holy Spirit to produce the Fruit of the Spirit in them.